REFERENCE GUIDE TO THE GENEVA CONVENTIONS
Geneva Conventions of 1949 and 1977
There are four Geneva Conventions, signed August
12, 1949, and the two additional Protocols of June 8, 1977. These treaties are all fully indexed on this site.
In addition, there are many other international
treaties which govern the conduct of war or establish human rights standards
Geneva Convention October 21 1950
The undersigned Plenipotentiaries of the Governments
represented at the Diplomatic Conference held at Geneva from April 21 to August 12, 1949, for the purpose of revising the
Convention concluded at Geneva on July 27, 1929 relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, have
agreed as follows:
The High Contracting Parties undertake to respect and to ensure respect for the present Convention in all circumstances.
In addition to the provisions which shall be implemented
in peace time, the present Convention shall apply to all cases of declared war or of any other armed conflict which may arise
between two or more of the High Contracting Parties, even if the state of war is not recognized by one of them.
The Convention shall also apply to all cases of
partial or total occupation of the territory of a High Contracting Party, even if the said occupation meets with no armed
Although one of the Powers in conflict may not be
a party to the present Convention, the Powers who are parties thereto shall remain bound by it in their mutual relations.
They shall furthermore be bound by the Convention in relation to the said Power, if the latter accepts and applies the provisions
In the case of armed conflict not of an international
character occurring in the territory of one of the High Contracting Parties, each Party to the conflict shall be bound to
apply, as a minimum, the following provisions:
(1) Persons taking no active part in the hostilities,
including members of armed forces who have laid down their arms and those placed hors de combat by sickness, wounds, detention,
or any other cause, shall in all circumstances be treated humanely, without any adverse distinction founded on race, colour,
religion or faith, sex, birth or wealth, or any other similar criteria. To this end the following acts are and shall remain
prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever with respect to the above-mentioned persons:
(a) violence to life and person, in particular murder
of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture; (b) taking of hostages; (c) outrages upon personal dignity, in particular,
humiliating and degrading treatment; (d) the passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgment
pronounced by a regularly constituted court affording all the judicial guarantees which are recognized as indispensable by
(2) The wounded and sick shall be collected and
An impartial humanitarian body, such as the International
Committee of the Red Cross, may offer its services to the Parties to the conflict.
The Parties to the conflict should further endeavour
to bring into force, by means of special agreements, all or part of the other provisions of the present Convention.
The application of the preceding provisions shall
not affect the legal status of the Parties to the conflict.
There are 140 ARTICLE S
5 ANNEX ES also containing ARTICLE S
I Would Read It All Then decide for yourself.
"Who" Is Breaking The LAW ????